Category: Online Learning

Key Factors For Designing An Online Course

Reflection on: Building Sense of Community at a Distance by Alfred Rovai (2002) International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, Vol 3, No. 1. Issues in Online Learning This paper discusses how best to design and conduct an online course in response to the major issues in distance learning: high dropout rates – apparently 10-20% Read More …

Using Virtual Worlds to Enhance Online Social Presence

Reflection on: Using SmallWorlds to enhance social presence, group cohesion, and group identity in an online postgraduate course by Angelos Konstantinidis (2017) Overview This paper about virtual worlds reminds us that the current digitised and connected world is forcing educators to re-think the way in which they teach. On second thought, ‘force’ is a strong Read More …

Community of Inquiry Framework – what more to research?

Reflection on: Researching the community of inquiry framework: Review, issues, and future directions, Garrison, R.D., & Arbaugh, J.B., The Internet and Higher Education 10 (2007) 157-172 Overview This paper provides a summary to date (well, up to 2007) of the research made about the Community of Inquiry (CoI) framework (Garrison, Anderson & Archer, 2000) and Read More …

Three ways to facilitate higher-order thinking in online education

Reflection on: Community of inquiry as a theoretical framework to foster “epistemic engagement” and “cognitive presence” in online education (Shea & Bidjerano, 2009) How to improve cognitive presence in online education This study of 2000 online learners by Shea & Bidjerano (2009) confirms the constructs of teaching, social and cognitive presence as theorised by the Read More …

Exploring casual relationships among Teaching, Cognitive and Social Presence

Reflection on: Exploring casual relationships among teaching, cognitive and social presence: Student perceptions of the community of inquiry framework by Garrison et. al (2009) Teaching Presence in Online Learning This paper discusses the need to have a holistic framework to facilitate the integration of pedagogy and technology. The Community of Inquiry (Garrison, Anderson & Archer, Read More …

Facilitating Participation in Online Communities

Participation is the ways in which individuals engage in activity: “We have observed that the early appearance of one or more participants performing social behaviours will impact on the longer-term development of a supportive culture for the life of the community” (Galley et. al, 2012, p10). The instructor is the main, active moderator in an Read More …

Community Indicators Framework – Definitions of Community

Definition of Community Galley et al. (2012) highlight an evolution in the notion of ‘community’ from Networks of Practice (Wenger, 1998; and Brown & Duguid, 2001) , and Network Sociality (Wittel, 2001) to Community of Inquiry (Garrison et al., 2000) and Communities of Interest (Fischer, 2002). According to Smith (2001) early definitions of term community centre around place, as in physical location, Read More …

Community Indicators Framework – Design-Based Research

Methodology: Design-Based Research Some time ago I read Community Indicators: a framework for observing and supporting community activity on Cloudworks by Galley et al. (2014) which proposes four key factors which underpin successful online collaborative groups: participation, cohesion, identity and creative capability. Before digging deeper into these aspects of community experience, I was pulled towards the methodology Read More …

Writing a Dissertation Paper: Attempt 2

My Update Many months since my last post and I have lost the rhythm of reading and writing academic journals. I know I enjoyed it in the past, and thus, I am convinced that the feeling will come back again in time. And seeing as I want to get back into the swing of things in Read More …

Community Indicators Framework – COP vs. CIF

CIF I am now reading about another framework that supports online community activity by Alevizou, Conole and Galley (2012). The community indicators are Participation, Cohesion, Identity and Creative Capability. There is some overlap with another research paper I read and blogged about recently about the key elements of an educational experience – Cognitive presence, Social presence and Teacher presence Read More …